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Types of kidney stones and methods of treatment

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Types of kidney stones and methods of treatment

Kidney stones are small, hard stones that form inside the kidney and are made of mineral and acidic salts. There are many reasons for the formation of kidney stones and that they can affect any a part of the tract, from the kidneys to the bladder. Often, kidney stones form when the urine becomes concentrated, allowing the salts to crystallize and stay. Pain is one among the foremost common symptoms of kidney stones, because the passage of stones within the urinary tubes can cause severe pain, but kidney stones don't usually cause permanent kidney damage. The patient might not must receive any sort of treatment for kidney stones, but only has to take pain relievers and drink plenty of water to pass the kidney stones. While in other cases, surgery could also be required. Your doctor may recommend taking preventive nephrolith treatment to scale back the chance of recurring kidney stones if you're at increased risk of it happening again..

Symptoms of kidney stones

Symptoms of kidney stones might not appear until these stones move inside the kidneys or cross into the ureter (the tube that connects the kidneys and also the bladder). 

Then the subsequent symptoms of kidney stones can occur:

Severe pain within the side, back and under the ribs
Pain that spreads to the lower abdomen and thigh
Pain that comes within the kind of waves and fluctuates in intensity
Pain during urination
Urine is pink, red, or brown
Urine is misty and smells bad
Nausea and vomiting
The constant desire to urinate
Urinating more often
Fever and chills just in case of tract infection

Seek medical attention immediately if you're feeling any of the symptoms of kidney stones next:

the mother Too severe to not be ready to sit or find a cushty position.
Pain in the course of nausea and vomiting
Pain in the course of fever and chills
Blood within the urine
Difficulty passing urine

Causes and kinds of kidney stones

Kidney stones often don't have one specific cause, as several factors can increase your risk. Kidney stones form when the quantity of gear that form the crystals or crystal increases(Crystal-Forming Substances), like calcium oxalate and acid - within the urine to a greater degree than the liquid within the urine can dissolve. At the identical time, urine might not contain substances that prevent the crystals from sticking together, thus providing a perfect environment for the formation of kidney stones.

Types of kidney stones

Knowing the kind of nephrolith helps determine its cause and might give indications on the way to reduce the chance of more kidney stones. sorts of kidney stones include the following:

Calcium stones. (Calcium Stones)

 Most sorts of kidney stones are of this kind, usually within the kind of Calcium Oxalate. Oxalates are a natural substance found in food. Some fruits and vegetables, similarly as nuts and chocolate, contain high levels of oxalate. The liver also produces oxalate. Nutritional factors, high doses of D, intestinal surgeries, and metabolic disorders, all of those factors increase the concentration of calcium or oxalate within the urine. Calcium stones can also occur within the kind of phosphate.

Strofite stones(Struvite Stones).

 Struvite stones are formed when there's infection or inflammation, like nephritis or tract. These stones can grow quickly and become very large, sometimes with alittle number of symptoms of kidney stones.

Uric acid stones(Uric Acid Stones).

 acid or acid stones can form in people that don't drink enough fluids or who lose an excessive amount of fluid, people who eat protein-rich foods, and people who have arthritis or gout. Certain genetic factors can also increase your risk of acid stones.

Cystine stones. (Cystine Stones) 

These stones are formed in people that suffer from some genetic disorders that cause kidney secretion of an outsized amount of a specific sort of aminoalkanoic acid (Cystinuria).

Ultrasound atomization 

Small kidney stones don't must be fragmented and might be disposed of by consuming large quantities of fluids and taking some sorts of medication. As for giant kidney stones, you will must cut up to urge eliminate them. The body (in EnglishExtracorporeal wave lithotripsy (ESWL: abbreviations), where sound waves are accustomed create vibrations that break down stones within the kidneys, and so get eliminate them through the urine. Feeling some pain when the stones taste the genitourinary apparatus.


In the event that the kidney stones are trapped inside the ureter and also the bladder, the doctor may resort to a ureteroscopy to get rid of the stones, as alittle tube with a camera is inserted into the urethra.: Urethra) to the placement of the stones, then a special network is employed to surround the stones and pull them out of the body, then the doctor sends the stones to the laboratory for analysis.

Percutaneous extraction 

In rare cases, your doctor might have to perform a procedure referred to as transcutaneous nephrolith extraction (in English)Percutaneous nephrolithotomy) to urge eliminate them, and this process may require the person to remain within the hospital for several days to completely live through the method, and through this process the doctor inserts a special tube through the skin to the kidney to get rid of the stones.

Treatment of parathyroid glands 

In some cases, a unhealthiness results in parathyroid glands endocrine gland to make kidney stones, so your doctor might have treatment for the most reason behind endocrine gland thyroid disorder.

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